From The Times: Your Wednesday Briefing

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Supporters of Donald J. Trump at a rally in Everett, Wash., on Tuesday. The candidate will give a speech on immigration today, after a brief visit to Mexico.

Supporters of Donald J. Trump at a rally in Everett, Wash., on Tuesday. The candidate will give a speech on immigration today, after a brief visit to Mexico. Ruth Fremson/The New York Times

Your Wednesday Briefing

Good morning.
Here’s what you need to know:
• Trump to visit Mexico.
Donald J. Trump will travel to Mexico City today to speak with President Enrique Peña Nieto, hours before he is to give a speech on immigration in Phoenix. Mr. Trump has vowed to build a wall along the southern border of the U.S. to keep out migrants, and he says Mexico will pay for it.
Most of President Obama’s campaign appearances for Hillary Clinton will be timed to coincide with voter registration deadlines.
• McCain and Rubio win primaries.
The Republican senators John McCain and Marco Rubio brushed off challenges. Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz, the former Democratic National Committee chairwoman, also won her primary race on Tuesday.
The fight to choose Senator Harry Reid’s successor sets him against the billionaires Charles G. and David H. Koch, who are trying to flip a Democratic seat and help Republicans seal control of the Senate.
• ISIS leader is reported killed.
The Islamic State’s chief strategist and spokesman, who was behind the militant group’s call for attacks against Western interests around the world, died in Syria, the group said. The Pentagon confirmed that a U.S. strike targeted him, but it did not confirm his death.
Despite sharing the goals of defeating ISIS and Syria’s president, Turkish and Syrian Kurdish fighters — both supported by the U.S. — are clashing.
• Health update.
In East Chicago, Ind., a housing complex’s poor, mostly black residents are being forced to move because of high levels of lead and arsenic. The situation is being compared to the contaminated water crisis in Flint, Mich.
U.S. funds for fighting the Zika virus have nearly all been spent, and the federal health care law is facing difficult challenges amid worries of a new outbreak.
• Sexual misconduct at elite schools.
Chessy Prout, a female student who accused a male senior of rape in 2014, revealed her identity in a television interview. She said she hoped to support other victims by discussing the difficulties she had faced, including being shunned when she returned to St. Paul’s School in Concord, N.H.
Five former faculty members at Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., including a well-known writer, engaged in sexual misconduct with students in the 1970s and ’80s, the school confirmed.

Business

• We’re looking at how Europe is going after U.S. tech giants, a day after the European Union said that Apple owed Ireland $14.5 billion in back taxes.
• Google’s parent will soon expand a ride-sharing service that could challenge Uber and Lyft.
Companies are spending big to have celebrities praise their products to millions of social media followers, raising questions about disclosure rules.
Here’s some advice on how to get better returns in your retirement account.
• U.S. stocks fell slightly on Tuesday. Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

Noteworthy

• Sports roundup.
The recent refusal by the San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick to stand for the national anthem raises the question: Why is the anthem such an important part of the pregame ritual in the U.S.?
Serena Williams cruised to victory at the U.S. Open on Tuesday night, starting her quest for a record 23rd Grand Slam title. Her sister Venus won, too, and Ivo Karlovic of Croatia hit 61 aces to set a tournament record. Here’s a wrap-up.
• What to read.
Tom Wolfe’s “Kingdom of Speech” takes aim at Charles Darwin and Noam Chomsky, and there are new books by Imbolo Mbue, Krys Lee, Gonzalo Torné and Lisa McInerney.
Ursula Le Guin will become one of the few living writers to be inducted into the Library of America canon, and New York City subway riders can download free e-books for their commute.
• Art, new and old.
A group of 733 female artists gathered this week for “Now Be Here,” which its organizers call the largest group portrait of working artists in Los Angeles’s history.
And at a time when contemporary art is all the rage, experts are questioning whether the Old Masters are still relevant at auction houses, galleries and museums.
• On the charts.
Frank Ocean’s “Blonde” knocked the “Suicide Squad” soundtrack from the top spot of the Billboard album chart.
Separately, the singer Chris Brown was arrested over a standoff at his Los Angeles home, after a woman accused him of pointing a gun at her.
• Recipes of the day.
For serious flavor, try rice cakes bathed in red chile paste, or this hearty, but not heavy, stew.
And don’t miss what happened when a popular vegan restaurant in Southern California decided to serve meat.

Back Story

College campuses are bustling again, so perhaps it’s time for a bit of inspiration for the academic year.
That’s what Ralph Waldo Emerson gave on this day in 1837, when he delivered one of the most influential speeches on higher education to the Harvard chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.
“We have listened too long to the courtly muses of Europe,” he said in the roughly 7,800-word address, titled “The American Scholar.” “The spirit of the American freeman is already suspected to be timid, imitative, tame.”
The way to create a new scholarly model, and not follow Europeans blindly, he insisted, was independent thinking, self-knowledge, and devotion to books, history, and science.
Emerson practiced what he preached. Asian and Middle Eastern literature, for example, influenced his work and helped separate him from the parochialism of the era.
Of course, Europe wasn’t the only place that offered advanced education. Two centuries before the continent’s first universities were founded, Fatima al-Fihri, a visionary Muslim woman, started what became Qairouan University in Fez, Morocco, in 859.
It became a leading educational center in medieval times by offering more than religious instruction, and today it is the world’s oldest continuously operated educational institution. It serves as an affirmation of Emerson’s belief that true learning can’t be done in an intellectual straitjacket.
Your Morning Briefing is published weekdays at 6 a.m. Eastern and updated on the web all morning.
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